What does the law say in Guatemala?
Abortion Rights in Guatemala
In Guatemala, the only legal ground for terminating a pregnancy is when the pregnant person’s life is in danger, which is called therapeutic abortion .
The government of President Alejandro Giammattei has shown its position against abortion rights. During his administration in 2022, Guatemala was proclaimed the “Pro-Life Capital of Iberoamerica”, and prison sentences for abortion were increased from 1 to 3 years to up to 5 years .
How many abortions are performed in Guatemala?
Data and numbers of abortions in Guatemala
Guttmacher Institute estimates, in 2006, that 65,000 abortions are performed in Guatemala each year, and 21,600 people are hospitalized as a result of abortion-related complications .
What do people in Guatemala believe?
Opinion on abortion in Guatemala
Who are the people who have requested legal abortions?
Abortion seekers in Guatemala
Due to the stigma and legal restrictions associated with abortion in Guatemala, there is no reliable and up-to-date information on the characteristics of those who seek legal abortions.
A study conducted in 1993-1994 has information on the profile of people who have abortions in the country. Despite being driven more than two decades ago, the study remains the only data source on the subject .
What abortion services are available in Guatemala?
How does the context affect abortion in Guatemala?
Context and abortion
On International Women’s Day 2022, the Guatemalan Congress stiffened prison sentences for abortion seekers. Although abortion is legal if the life of the pregnant person is in danger, the law established 1 to 3 years in prison for people who get an abortion, now modified with penalties of up to 5 to 10 years in prison. Human rights organizations are concerned about this decision since it exacerbates the stigmatization and violence against the rights of Guatemalans .
Knowledge and attitudes toward medical abortion in Guatemala
In Guatemala, stigma, and obstacles to abortion also arise from obstetrician-gynecologists since many are not familiar with the correct methods of abortion with pills, and some are not familiar with the law .
How did the pandemic influence abortion in Guatemala?
Impact of COVID-19
There’s no information regarding how many abortions were performed before, during, and after the pandemic; this could potentially increase rights violations. Guatemala is one of the countries in Latin America with the highest adolescent fertility rates, and there is a normalized epidemic of forced pregnancies. The abortion law is a factor that affects directly because, in Guatemala, the right to abortion for rape is still not legal .
What is the data gap in Guatemala?
What we don’t know
Although the health system has some data, NGOs provide more critical information. However, to draw a complete picture of the abortion situation in Guatemala, studies would require answering the following questions:
*This page presents abortion data only for women and girls since the information available is usually not separated by gender. However, AbortionData.org acknowledges this limitation.
Where did we get the information?
 La MalaFe (2022) “¿Qué lecciones y retos quedan del avance de la marea verde en Latinoamérica?” Available at: https://lamalafe.lat/que-lecciones-y-retos-quedan-del-avance-de-la-marea-verde-en-latinoamerica/
 Bazán, C. (2022). Guatemala aprueba una ley contra el aborto y la declaran «Capital Provida». EFEMINISTA. https://efeminista.com/guatemala-ley-aborto-provida/
 Induced Abortion and Unintended Pregnancy in Guatemala. (2022). Guttmacher Institute. https://www.guttmacher.org/journals/ipsrh/2006/09/induced-abortion-and-unintended-pregnancy-guatemala
 Prada, E., Remez, L., Kestler, E., Sáenz, S., Singh, S. & Bankole, A. (2006). Embarazo no planeado y aborto inseguro en Guatemala. Guttmacher Institute. https://www.guttmacher.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/pubs/GuatemalaUPIAsp.pdf
 Safe 2 Choose. Abortion in Guatemala | Important facts about abortions. (s. f.). https://safe2choose.org/abortion-information/countries/guatemala
 Bazán, C. (2022b, marzo 10). Guatemala aprueba una ley contra el aborto y la declaran «Capital Provida». EFEMINISTA. https://efeminista.com/guatemala-ley-aborto-provida/
 Kestler, E. (2011). Obstetrician–gynecologists’ knowledge of and attitudes toward medical abortion in Guatemala. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2011.09.015
 SWI. (2022).Embarazos forzados de niñas y jóvenes, una epidemia normalizada en Guatemala. https://www.swissinfo.ch/spa/guatemala-embarazos–reportaje-_embarazos-forzados-de-ni%C3%B1as-y-j%C3%B3venes–una-epidemia-normalizada-en-guatemala/47548934
 Kestler, E., Morales, E., & González, M. (2019). Atención post aborto en el primer nivel de referencia de salud en Guatemala.